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PHSM Tiers in Africa

Data shown through Week 41: 11 - 17 October

The purpose of this dashboard is to act as a tool for Africa CDC and regional partners to demonstrate PHSM tiers, using continental-level indicators and thresholds identified below. This dashboard relies on publicly available data and in no way represents PERCs view on which COVID-19 PHSM policies should or should not be in place. The accompanying PHSM framework describes how countries can adapt the indicators on this dashboard to develop their own national COVID-19 tiered PHSM system.

Please email covid19-eiu@vitalstrategies.org with any questions or feedback.

PHSM Tier

Key for Covid-19 PHSM Tiers Map of Africa. 0 1 2 3 4
Africa Covid-19 PHSM Tiers Map Map of Africa with countries colored according to their PHSM tier. image/svg+xml

Note: The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the African Union.

COVID-19 PHSM Tiers and Thresholds

Core Indicators Tier 0 No data available Tier 1 Standard precautions Tier 2 Low alert Tier 3 Moderate alert Tier 4 High alert
Daily case incidence (new cases per 1M people per day, 7 day average) n/a <5 5- <20 20 - <80 ≥80
Test positivity rate (last 14 days) n/a <3% 3% - <5% 5% - <12% ≥12%

Other Dashboards and Guidance

PHSM Recommendations by Tier

The evidence base supporting the recommendations in this table is available in the framework appendices.


Activity or Sector Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 Tier 4
School: Early childhood and Primary All in-person All in-person
Students at desks to extent possible; recess in cohorts 1
All in-person
Reduced capacity to maintain 2 metres between students with students at desks; cohorting of students at all times
Staggered2 or partially remote3 if possible
Reduced capacity to maintain 2 metres between students with students at desks; cohorting of students at all times
School: Secondary All in-person All in-person
If possible, maintain 2 metres between students with students at desks, meals in classrooms, cohorting of students at all times
Staggered or partially remote, if possible
Reduced capacity to allow 2 metres between students with students at desks; cohorting of students
Staggered or partially/fully remote, if possible
Reduced capacity so 2 metres between students with students at desks; cohorting of students
Higher Ed All in-person All in-person
Maintain 2 metres between students in classrooms and public areas
Staggered or partially remote, if possible
Maintain 2 metres between students in classrooms; capacity limit in public and recreational areas
Full remote or consider full-time on campus (i.e., no leaving campus), if possible
Maintain 2 metres between students in classroom; capacity limit in public and recreational areas
Premises where alcohol consumed Open Indoor: Limit capacity and seated only Minimum 2 metres between parties indoor/outdoor

Indoor: Closed

Outdoor: Open with limited capacity, seated only, minimum 2 metres between parties AND early closure

Closed
(curbside/pick-up/take-away available)
Restaurants - without liquor sales Open Indoor: Limit capacity Minimum 2 metres between parties indoor/outdoor

Indoor: Closed

Outdoor: Open with limited capacity, seated only, AND minimum 2 metres between parties

Closed
(curbside/pick-up/take-away available)
Indoor workplaces (offices, factories) Open Work remotely where possible
Limit capacity as necessary to maintain minimum 2 metres between people; minimize movement within workplace
Work remotely where possible, no in-person meetings
Limit capacity to maintain minimum 2 metres between people; minimize movement within workplace
Remote or closed except essential staff
Outdoor workplaces (farms, construction) Open Limit capacity as necessary to maintain minimum 1 metre between people Limit capacity as necessary to maintain minimum 1 metre between people Only essential open
Limit capacity as necessary to maintain minimum 2 metres between people
Indoor retail (including grocery stores) Open Limit capacity as necessary to maintain minimum 2 metres between people Open for certain hours, specifically open only for vulnerable populations
Limit capacity of large indoor venues (i.e., malls) to 50% and maintain minimum 2 metres between people

Closed except essential: (curbside/pick-up/take-away available for all)

Capacity for essential: Maximum 20% AND minimum 2 metres physical distancing

Outdoor market Open Limit capacity as necessary to maintain minimum 1 metre between people Limit capacity as necessary to maintain minimum 2 metres between people Limit capacity as necessary to maintain minimum 2 metres between people; unidirectional foot traffic
Places of Worship, Weddings, Funerals Open Maintain 2 metres distancing between households indoors; outdoors preferred
Masks obligatory if singing indoors
No indoor services
Limit capacity outdoors AND minimum 2 metres between households; no singing
Remote or virtual if possible; if not, outdoor services only; no singing
Gyms/Fitness Open
Full, as long as 2 metres distancing is maintained while exercising
Limited capacity AND at least 3 metres distancing while exercising
Masks must be worn; no indoor group classes; locker rooms closed
Closed for all indoor activities. Open for outdoor exercising with least 3 metres distancing
Masks must be worn; no group classes
Closed
Events (concerts, conferences, exhibitions, elections) Open

Indoor venues: Maintain 2 metres distancing between households

Outdoor venues: Limited capacity, masks obligatory

Indoor venues: All closed

Outdoor venues: Limited capacity with 2 metres distancing between households Masks obligatory

Closed
Cultural institutions (museums, libraries, zoos, gardens) Open

Limited capacity outdoor

Indoor allowed if 2 metres distancing is possible and masks are obligatory

Indoor: Closed

Outdoor: Limited capacity if 2 metres distancing is possible, and masks are obligatory

Closed
Sports and recreation (includes players and spectators) Open

Limited capacity indoor AND 2 metres between spectator parties
Spectators to wear masks

Contact sports (football, wrestling, rugby): professional and amateur (non-recreational) athletes only

Recreational teams: Non-contact only, outdoor only; teams limited to 10 people; no travel

Individual outdoor exercise allowed
Group sports open only to professional athletes; closed to spectators; limited travel, if possible
Individual outdoor exercise only
Personal care (e.g. salon, spa, barber, nails, massage) Open Limited capacity AND 2 metres between patrons
Masks must be worn
Indoor closed unless 2 metres between patron and service provider possible Closed
Private social gatherings Open Maximum 50 people AND 2 metres distancing between households; outdoors preferred Outdoor only
Maximum 2 households AND 2 metres distancing between households
Own household only
Public transport Open Mask required for all passengers and drivers; vehicles max 70% capacity

Mask required for all passengers and drivers; Motorcycles: 1 passenger max

Other vehicles: Middle seats empty, max 70% capacity for short trips and max 50% capacity for long-distance trips

Private car: 2 passengers or 1 household max; windows open when possible

Mask required for all passengers and drivers; Motorcycles: 1 passenger max

Other vehicles: Middle seats empty and max 50% capacity for all trips

Private car: 1 household max; windows open when possible

1. Cohort and cohorting: a cohort is a small group within which people interact. “Cohorting” in the school setting refers to the practice of forming and maintaining small groups of students (and possibly teachers) throughout the entire school day and over time. If there is a case of COVID-19 in a school and students have been in cohorts, the number of people who may be exposed will be limited, it will be easy to identify all exposed individuals quickly and school-wide disruptions will be minimized. ↩︎

2. Stagger: the practice of arranging a schedule so that not all individuals are present at once. In the school setting, staggered classroom schedules may be adopted when students are cohorted and there is not enough space to have all cohorts present as well as safely separated from each other. In such a case, some cohorts might attend school in the morning and some in the afternoon. Staggering may also be practiced outside the classroom; for example, cohorts may be asked to arrive and depart from school on different schedules to reduce crowding around the school. ↩︎

3. Remote: learning by distance. Requires access to distance learning technology and tools. Remote education may be used in conjunction with staggering to allow full-time education without all students physically present at school. ↩︎

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